Column injuries / Paralysis – attorneys

If you need help to claim compensation or file a claim for spinal cord injuries and paralysis, Lluis Law’s accident attorneys can help you with what you need. Whatever your compensation or accident needs, Lluis Law’s accident attorneys have more than 40 years of experience litigating these issues in the Los Angeles area.

A spinal injury is particularly serious because it can cause total or partial paralysis, loss of sensation and other bodily functions in the areas of the body located below the injury. When a person suffers a spinal cord injury, it is generally affected in all aspects of their life: mental, emotional and social.

These injuries are often disabling and can completely transform the life of a worker or any other person. Whether due to an accident in the workplace or during a car accident, when a person suffers an injury of this type, you need to obtain workers’ compensation benefits to treat injuries or compensation for personal injuries, if you suspect that a third negligent person is responsible.

Personal injury lawyers can help victims of spinal cord injuries recover damages through a claim or civil lawsuit in a California court. It is pertinent to remember that the personal injury lawyers of Lluis Law, have been very successful in dealing with this type of case for decades, helping the victims obtain just compensation.

Functions of the cervical spine

The vertebrae of the spine cover and protect the spinal cord, which is a long cord responsible for bringing nerve impulses to the 31 pairs of spinal nerves, thus connecting the brain to the rest of the body, through two basic functions known as:

Afferent, which is the function of bringing the sensations of the trunk, neck and extremities to the brain.

Efferent, through which the brain issues orders to the effector organs to perform a certain action. The nerve impulses are brought to the trunk, neck and other limbs.

The functions of the spinal cord, which is actually an extension of the brain, include the control of immediate and vegetative movements (the reflex act for example), as well as the central nervous system, the sympathetic and the parasympathetic.

Why is the spine injured?

The cervical spine is often injured by the breaking of the vertebrae, which are the bones that cover it and serve to protect the spinal cord and nerves. When these bones are broken, the spinal cord can suffer serious injuries.

The main causes of spinal cord injuries are: trauma to the face, head, neck, back or chest during car accidents, falls, rupture of the intervertebral disc, shots, electric shocks, extreme sprains of the body, etc.

What happens if the spinal cord suffers some damage?

The cells that are lost after the spinal cord suffers damage are irreplaceable. After an accident the functions of the spinal cord deteriorate progressively, which causes severe disabilities in movement and sensitivity. People are paralyzed and unable to perceive any type of sensation from the site of the injury down.

When the spinal cord breaks, damage occurs to the nerves that are lodged inside the spinal canal. Most spinal cord injuries caused by bumps or trauma to the spine affect how it works. This is the ability to send and receive messages from the brain to the rest of the body and vice versa.

Types of paralysis after a spinal cord injury

Spinal cord injuries after a fracture of the spine can cause several types of paralysis:

Quadriplegia / tetraplegia

It is generated when the spinal cord injury is recorded in any of the cervical discs (C1 – C8). These injuries cause paralysis or weakness in the arms and legs and can even affect all areas of the body. Quadriplegia paralysis can cause loss of physical sensation, intestinal, sexual or bladder dysfunction and respiratory problems

In the area of ​​the neck, the marrow controls the movements and signals of the head, as well as the neck and shoulders, along with the arms, hands and diaphragm. Due to the flexible nature of the neck, it is difficult to stabilize the lesions in this part of the spinal cord. Patients who suffer these damages are usually placed devices that support and stabilize the neck.


The injury of the spinal cord in the thoracic region (cervical discs T1-T12) are not frequent; However, when they occur they cause paralysis or weakness in the legs, which is accompanied by loss of physical sensation, as well as intestinal, sexual and bladder dysfunction. Unlike quadriplegia, arms and hands are usually not affected.

The spinal cord in this area of ​​the body is responsible for controlling the signals sent or received by the brain to some muscles of the abdomen and back. For the treatment of these injuries, patients are placed a medical device that helps support and give stability to the trunk.

Paraplegia (lumbar)

Spinal cord injuries in the lumbar region (cervical discs L1 – L5) also generate paraplegia and cause paralysis or weakness of the legs. The patient may also experience loss of physical sensation and other symptoms such as intestinal, sexual and bladder dysfunction.

In this type of injury, the movement in shoulders, arms and hands is not affected either. The marrow in this area of ​​the body controls the signals that are sent to the lower back and abdomen, buttocks, legs and some parts of the external genitalia. To treat the injury and stabilize this part of the body, surgery and external supports are usually required.

Paraplegia (sacral region)

Spinal cord injuries that occur in the sacral region (S1 – S5 discs) also cause bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction. In addition to weakness or paralysis in the hip and legs. The marrow in this area of ​​the body controls the signals (from and to the brain) to the thighs and lower parts of the legs, feet and most of the external genitalia.

Paraplegia can be caused by various injuries that section or compress the spinal cord with bone fragments, tumors and degenerative diseases.

Total and partial injury

A partial or incomplete injury is when the ability of the spinal cord to transmit messages to and from the brain is not completely lost. On the other hand, when a total injury occurs, the person totally loses sensory and motor function below the level of the lesion, mainly in the area of ​​the rectum.

This does not mean that even when there is a total absence of sensitivity and motor function below the level of the injury, the nerves have been completely destroyed. It is simply that they do not work properly due to the injury.

If you or a family member have suffered a spinal injury and suffer from paralysis, Lluis Law’s personal injury lawyers can help you with everything you need. Do not hesitate to contact us for a free consultation. Our telephone number is (213) 320-0777.

Address: 205 South Broadway, Suite 1000 Los Angeles, CA 90012. Tel: (213) 687-4412 Fax: (213) 687-3441.