Sanctuary policies conflict with federal government policies on immigration
Sanctuary policies are executive resolutions that prohibit the local authorities from inquiring and reporting an immigration status even when there is surety that an individual is an illegal immigrant. In cities across the U.S.A, local authorities have adopted certain policies that restrict state and the local police from cooperating with the federal authorities. The towns with the sanctuary policies are labeled sanctuary cities. The sanctuary cities openly decline to work with the requests from the Departments of Homeland Security’s Immigration and Customs Enforcement Division.
Sanctuary cities have recently found themselves in conflict with the federal government over the immigration enforcements. The first misunderstandings arise from lack of a standard definition of what constitutes a sanctuary city or state. There are between 200 and 300 sanctuary cities within the USA. While some sanctuary states openly cooperate with federal immigration officials, others do not. Modern day policies date back to the 1980s when sanctuary states allowed the immigrants to settle without legal state permission. Individual cities applied the concept of sanctuary states by sheltering freed slaves, civil right workers and young men fleeing from war torn Vietnam and Central America.
On 25th January 2017, the U.S. President Donald Trump gave an executive order stating that the sanctuary states violate federal laws by willfully shielding illegal immigrants from removal from the united states. Additionally, he said these aliens pose a threat to the national security and public safety. Representatives of some of the sanctuary cities argue that on the local level, implementation and enforcing the local authorities harm public safety. Trump’s executive order against sanctuary states has received strong critics from Denis Herrera, city attorney of San Francisco. Herrera says that the state has been a proud sanctuary state since 1987. He says the policies work for the public safety of the communities.
Recent conflicts between sanctuary states and the federal government have been over detainers issued by the U.S. government through the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. An Immigration detainer is a request to a local government to keep immigrants suspected of living illegally in the state custody for up to 48 hours after being released based on whether criminal or conviction charges they had. Sanctuary city authorities say they comply with the detainer requests when they are in the interest of public safety.